Health care system in Moldova
The Moldovan state has a universal healthcare system. Healthcare in Moldova is generally poor by European standards, and access is limited in certain rural areas. However, the healthcare system in Moldova has improved immensely over the years but still there is less availability of modern equipments in the hospitals of Moldova. The Soviet government has helped in building many Moldova healthcare units to provide better service to patients. In the year 1990, Moldova had 129 hospital beds and there were only 40 doctors.
During 1991, the Moldovan government had spent 12% of the total budget in improving the healthcare system in the country. Presently, there has been a lot of improvement in the Moldovan healthcare sector with the assistance of various non-governmental organisations working there. The American International Health Alliance aided by the USAID has introduced new programs in controlling the spread of tuberculosis in Moldova. This organisation has also taken up various projects to prevent the spread of HIV and Hepatitis B and C.
The people of Moldova mainly suffer from cardiovascular diseases, cancer and respiratory diseases. The consumption of alcohol is so high among the Moldova citizens that it has turned into a major reason behind the deaths occurring in Moldova. The extensive use of different kinds of herbicides as well as pesticides by the people of Moldova has helped in the growth of deadly diseases.
Today, Moldova has more or less 18 local hospitals and five clinics for outpatient treatment in Chisinau. The University of Moldova Hospital is a chain of hospitals situated all over the capital of Moldova. The Trinity Hospital, St Michael and Urgenta Hospital are the most well known medical care units in Moldova. The standard of medical care in these Moldovan hospitals is moderate. The buildings are not well maintained and thus have resulted in the non-functioning of various life-saving equipments. There are about 264 physicians per 100,000 people.
Public expenditure on health was 4.2% of the GDP and private expenditure on health 3.2%. Health expenditure was $138 (PPP) per capita in 2004.
The largest national emergency aid service is concentrated and is being in service within Chisinau - the capital region of Moldova. Nowadays in Chisinau operate 60 ambulance municipal cars, instead of 92 how is required and a douzen cars of private emergency service - Calmed. Everyday there are registered and served 800 emergency calls within Chisinau and more than 2000 emergency calls within the whole Moldova per day. The core of emergency system in Chisinau is National Scientific and Practical Centre for Emergency Medicine, having 620 beds, enrolling 3138 of personnel.